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Mental health issues are the primary cause of many diseases such as asthma, hypertension, cancer, thyrotoxicosis, rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, and some types of allergies. Hypertension or high blood pressure is a medical condition that manifests itself in a steady elevated blood pressure in the arteries. The risk factors for hypertension are age, gender, stress, excess salt intake, smoking, alcohol use, baseline diastolic and systolic blood pressure, and overweight. Despite the fact that there are no data about the exact causes of hypertension, many studies have proved that there is a direct connection between hypertension and mental health issues. For example, Center for the Advancement of Health offers the results of the research that has proved that individuals who experience the symptoms of depression have also developed the symptoms of hypertension. At the same time, Kelishadi and Poursafa suggest that mental health issues have a big influence on the development of cardiovascular diseases. Among mental health issues connected to high blood pressure are major depressive disorder, alcoholism, bipolar disorder, and sleep apnea.
The public health strategy that aims at preventing high blood pressure includes providing health education services and encouraging people to lead an active lifestyle by ensuring free access to the places for physical activity. At the same time, such a strategy should include offering healthy food choices around and inside schools and office centers as well as establishing cardiovascular risk factors screening programs. According to Hosman, Jane?-Llopis, and Saxena, human rights issues have quite strong connections to mental disorders. Therefore, in order to prevent mental health issues, public health measures should target violence, discrimination, unemployment, poverty, and child abuse by increasing the number of parent training and parent-child communication programs.
The measures that can be taken by individuals to prevent hypertension and mental health issues include a healthy diet, regular exercise, the reduction of level of stress, and meditation. People should also add fish oil, calcium, and potassium into their diet, reduce the consumption of alcohol, work on boosting self-esteem, and adopt a positive attitude. Finally, it is quite important to control anger, have routine medical checkups, sleep at least 7-8 hours per day, and avoid using drugs.