Liberty, like an obligation, is an unalienable right enjoyed by all men and women. It is also the opposite of slavery. Broadly speaking, freedom is an equal right or privileges enjoyed by individuals or by government grants or privileges. It is also a synonym for liberty. A wide range of individuals can enjoy the privileges of liberty. Liberty may be defined as a process of producing and enjoying freedom in the sense of having power and authority to act and not be acted upon. A wide range of persons may enjoy the advantages and enjoy the privileges of liberty. These individuals may include politicians, artists, writers, inventors, merchants, and industrialists.
The concept of liberty has different meanings in different parts of the world. In Europe, the word liberty is associated with enlightenment, tolerance, and freedom. On the other hand, in America and some parts of the East, freedom is associated with individualism, exceptionalism, and extreme individualism. In general, American's refer to liberty as a process of enjoying and exercising it as their fundamental right.
According to the natural rights philosophers, we cannot say that man is naturally endowed with freedom. They considered that this conception is erroneous because the Locke and doctrine of the Locke and paradoxes are false. For instance, if you want to put a curse on someone, you must first prevent him from doing something, or else he would already have the opportunity to curse you. It seems that the natural rights philosophy tends to reject the idea of absolute and unlimited rights. Hence, liberty means different things for different people.
According to some natural rights philosophers, liberty means absolute and unlimited right to act or not act. They further claimed that it is compatible with a just and peaceful society. John Locke disagreed with these views of his and so did the rest of the natural rights set theorists such as protection, security, enterprise, and commerce. According to Locke, the idea of liberty means absolute and unlimited freedom from restraint by others. Therefore, he believed that one is not to be restrained by others, but can be restrained only by ones own will or desire.
Some common law theorists believed that there are several kinds of Liberty. Liberty meant different things for different philosophers. According to common law theorists, the liberty of an individual is personal and independent of other individuals. It means that an individual has the equal right to decide for himself-s, including about his own life and actions.
In America, the British philosopher Roger Williams distinguished between natural and unnatural liberty. Unnatural liberty, according to Williams, is like the license of the Carnival, whereas natural liberty is the "right to do what we want when we want it." Thus, the author of the Essay on the Rights of Man, John Locke, distinguished between political and social Liberty. He believed that Locke a notion of Liberty includes both the "economic" and "moral" Liberty.
William Hazlitt was the last great philosopher to support the traditional concept of individual Liberty. His work on individual rights inspired the American Rights Theory, which today, many consider being a founding document of the nation. According to Hazlitt, every person has the natural right to be a free and independent citizen of the country. Every individual has the right to be neither unjustly detained nor deprived of his rights without any unjustifiable cause.
To ensure the achievement of liberty and equality, it is necessary to provide legal protection to everyone. For this, all political parties unite, and, under the banner of Liberty, Equality, Fraternity," the members of political parties pledge themselves to work together in order to achieve and maintain these Liberty and equality principles.